Alcohol and Trade
Alcohol is today the third leading risk factor contributing to the global burden of disease (DALYs- Disability Adjusted Life Years) and is the 8th risk factor for death. Alcohol use has a unique geographical and sex pattern: it exacts the largest toll on men in Africa, in the middle- income countries in the Americas, and in some high- income countries.
Low income countries often lack alcohol policies to protect their nations and citizens and this makes them vulnerable to the growing commercial pressures. This lack of regulation and control of the sale and marketing of alcohol offer the industry an opportunity to market their products without restrictions, leaving the rules they apply in the West behind.
Poor and marginalised people around the world are more vulnerable to the harmful effects pf alcohol than more well- off populations. People who live in poverty are vulnerable even to small changes destabilising their daily hand-to mouth economy. Alcohol therefore causes more harm per litre in poorer populations than among richer.
It is a fact that some commercial commodities are 'not ordinary' products in the sense that they are more harmful to public health and welfare than other. International trade treaties like the agreement under WTO have provisions for special treatment of such products in order to protect public health. Alcohol should be treated as such.
Monitoring Alcohol Marketing in Africa - MAMPA Project is a report released by the Africa Regional Office of the World Health Organization (WHO). The study on alcohol marketing was commissioned by the WHO Regional Office for Africa in 2010.
The Global Alcohol Policy Alliance is a developing network of non-government organizations and people working in public health agencies who share information on alcohol issues and advocate evidence-based alcohol policies.
IOGT International is a worldwide community of non-governmental organisations. The aim of IOGT International is the liberation of peoples of the world leading to a richer, freer and more rewarding life. As a means of attaining this aim, IOGT International promotes a lifestyle free of alcohol and other drugs.
FORUT, Campaign for Development and Solidarity, is a Norwegian NGO in field of development aid. Since 1981 FORUT has been involved in development assistance in Africa and Asia. FORUT has a special emphasis on alcohol and drugs as a cause of poverty and hindrance to development.
Alcohol, Drugs and Development, is the name of a development program by FORUT; The Norwegian Campaign for Development and Solidarity. ADD is a global program within FORUT, in the sense that it involves all countries with FORUT activities and also FORUT action on the international level.
As an organization promoting the highest possible standards of medical ethics, the WMA provides ethical guidance to physicians through its Declarations, Resolutions and Statements. These also help to guide National Medical Associations, governments and international organizations throughout the world.
The Asia Pacific Alcohol Policy Alliance is a network of NGOs committed to the development of effective alcohol policy in the Asia Pacific region.
The Nordic countries are reducing the gap between the countries’ alcohol sales